George Washington Facts

The George Washington Facts page is intended to provide a quick reference for important facts about George Washington.

Born

George Washington was born on February 22, 1732.

Parents

George Washington's father, Augustine Washington, married his mother, Mary Ball, in 1731.  Mary Ball was Augustine's second wife.  His first wife, Jane Butler, died in 1730.

Siblings

George Washington had nine siblings.  Six lived to reach adulthood, half-brothers Lawrence and Augustine Washington, brothers Samuel, John Augustine, and Charles, and sister Elizabeth.  Half brother Butler and sister Mildred died as infants.  Half sister Jane died when she was 13.

Wife

George Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis on January 6, 1759.   George was Martha's second husband.  She married Daniel Parke Custis on May 15, 1750 and remained with him until he died in 1757.

Children

George and Martha Washington had no children together.  George helped raise the two children that survived from Martha's first marriage, John Parke Custis and Martha Parke Custis.

Occupations

George Washington facts associated with the many different occupations he held throughout his life are provided below.

Surveyor

George Washington was the Culpeper (Virginia) County Surveayor from July 1749 through November 1750.  He was a private surveyor from November 1750 - November 1752. 

Land Speculator

Washington made his first land purchase in 1752.  He purchased 1,459 acres along Bullskin Creek in Frederick County, Virginia.  He continued to accumulate land throughout his life.  At the time of his death he owned 52,194 acres across Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New York, Kentucky and the Ohio Valley.   He also owned lots in Alexandria, VA and Washington, DC.

Farmer

Washington inherited Ferry Farm when is father Augustine died in 1743.  He farmed at Ferry Farm until he acquired Mount Vernon when his brother died.  He farmed at Mount Vernon until his death.

Soldier

Washington had a long military career.  Due mainly to the fact that he served in both the French and Indian and Revolutionary wars.  He first served the Commonwealth of Virginia as the Adjunct General of the Virginia Militia from 1752 to 1754.  He became Commander of the Virginia Military in 1754 when the previous commander died in battle in the French and Indian War.  He served Virginia until 1758 to protect against attack from French and Indian forces along the border.  In 1755, he served as Volunteer Aid to the British Army to help prepare General Braddocks to attack Fort Duquesne.  In 1775 he was named Commander in Chief of the Continental army.  He served in that role until the end of the Revolutionary War in 1783.  President John Adams called Washington out of retirement to serve as Senior Office of the Army from 1798 through 1799.

Politician

Washington was one of Virginia's Representatives to the First and Second Continental Congresses in 1774 and 1775.  He was also Virginia's representative to the Constitutional Convention.  He was President of the United States from April 1789 through March 1797. 

Died

George Washington died on December 14, 1799 at the age of 67 at his home in Mount Vernon.  He died due to complications from treatment of what today is believed to have been laryngitis.  His doctors attempted to treat by blood-letting, a common practice at that time.

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